Sansevieria Francisii Care: The Ultimate Guide

Sansevieria Francisii, also known as Snake Plant or Dracaena Francisii, is a popular choice for plant enthusiasts due to its unique appearance and low-maintenance nature.

Whether you are a beginner looking to start your plant collection or an experienced plant parent in need of some expert advice, this comprehensive guide will provide you with all the information you need to care for your Sansevieria Francisii and help it thrive.

Sansevieria Francisii Snake Plant Care

1. Light Requirements

Sansevieria Francisii prefers medium indirect light, but it can tolerate a wide range of light conditions. It thrives in light levels of over 750 lux (75 foot candles) and can handle up to 5-6 hours of direct sunlight per day.

However, if you can’t provide these light levels, the plant can still survive in lower light conditions as low as 50 lux. Keep in mind that the new growth may become long and leggy in low light.

Providing more light enhances photosynthesis and makes the plant more resistant to pests and diseases.

2. Watering

When it comes to watering Sansevieria Francisii, it’s important to let the soil dry out completely between waterings. Stick a chopstick into the soil and if it comes out dry with no soil attached, it’s time to water.

If the chopstick comes out wet or dirty, the soil is still wet and you should hold off with watering. It’s better to underwater than overwater this plant as it is drought-tolerant and can survive for a few months without water if needed.

3. Humidity Needs

Sansevieria Francisii thrives in optimal humidity levels between 5% and 25%. However, it is a highly adaptable plant and can tolerate a wide range of humidity levels. Even if the humidity in your home is over 70%, your plant will do just fine.

4. Temperature Requirements

To ensure the optimal growth of your Sansevieria Francisii, maintain a temperature range between 18 to 24°C (65 to 75°F).

While the plant can handle temperature drops below 16°C (60°F), it may slow down root and leaf development. It can also tolerate higher temperatures during the summer months.

5. Fertilizing

Fertilize your Sansevieria Francisii Snake Plant once every 2 to 4 weeks with a low-nitrogen succulent fertilizer. Follow the instructions on the fertilizer packaging and avoid over-fertilizing.

It’s important to note that if you repot your plant annually, fertilizing may not be necessary as the fresh soil will contain sufficient nutrients for the plant’s growth.

6. Soil

The ideal soil for Sansevieria Francisii is well-draining soil that dries out quickly between waterings. You can create a suitable potting mix by combining 1 part store-bought potting mix with 1 part perlite, pumice, or coarse sand.

Most store-bought potting mixes retain too much water, increasing the risk of root rot. Adding perlite, pumice, or coarse sand improves drainage and prevents compaction.

7. Repotting

Sansevieria Francisii should be repotted once a year to provide fresh soil and space for root growth. When repotting, gently remove the plant from its pot and inspect the roots. Trim any dead, soft, or mushy roots.

Choose a pot that is one size larger and fill it one-third full with fresh soil. Place the plant in the new pot and fill the remaining space with soil. Lightly press the soil around the plant and water if the soil was dry before repotting.

8. Toxicity to Pets and Humans

It’s important to note that Sansevieria Francisii is toxic to both pets and humans if ingested. The plant contains saponin, which can cause discomfort and symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, and dermatitis.

If your pet or you accidentally ingest the plant, it’s advisable to call the Poison Control Center or seek medical attention.

9. Pruning

Sansevieria Francisii generally does not require extensive pruning. Prune only dead or diseased growth or if you want to propagate the plant.

Removing dead or diseased leaves not only improves the plant’s appearance but also promotes healthier growth.

10. Propagation

Sansevieria Francisii can be propagated through various methods, including leaf cuttings in water or soil, division, rhizome cuttings, stolon cuttings, and seeds.

Each propagation method has its own process and timeline. Here are a few common propagation methods:

Leaf Cuttings in Water

To propagate Sansevieria Francisii through leaf cuttings in water:

  1. Cut off a whole leaf or divide a single leaf into several sections.
  2. Place the cut leaf in a propagation dish with water, ensuring the same leaf orientation.
  3. Keep the propagation dish in bright indirect light.
  4. Replace the water weekly to replenish oxygen and remove harmful bacteria.
  5. Once the cuttings grow 2-3 inches of roots, pot them in soil.
  6. Water the soil once it is fully dry, and in a few months to a year, a new leaf will grow.

Leaf Cuttings in Soil

To propagate Sansevieria Francisii through leaf cuttings in soil:

  1. Cut off a whole leaf or divide a single leaf into several sections.
  2. Fill a shallow pot with a well-draining soil mix (1 part soil, 1 part perlite).
  3. Pot the cut leaf in the soil, keeping the same leaf orientation.
  4. Place the pot in a warm spot with bright light.
  5. Water the soil once it is fully dry.
  6. If the soil stays wet longer than a few days, increase light and repot to a terracotta pot.
  7. In a few months to a year, a new leaf will grow.


If your Sansevieria Francisii has multiple plants in one pot, you can propagate through division. Follow these steps:

  1. Take the plant out of the pot and expose the rhizome connecting the two plants.
  2. Use a sterilized knife to cut the rhizome in the middle, between the two plants.
  3. Leave both plants for a day or two to allow the cut rhizomes to dry out.
  4. Pot the plants individually in well-draining soil.
  5. Water the soil once it is fully dry, and each plant will grow independently.

Rhizome Cuttings

To propagate Sansevieria Francisii through rhizome cuttings:

  1. Take the plant out of the pot and expose the rhizome.
  2. Use a sterilized knife to cut off a part of the rhizome.
  3. Allow the cut rhizome to dry out for a few days.
  4. Pot the rhizome in a shallow dish with well-draining soil.
  5. Keep the dish in a warm place and water sparingly.
  6. In several weeks, the rhizome will develop roots, and in several months to a year, it will grow a new leaf.


While Sansevieria Francisii can be propagated from seeds, it is a time-consuming process. It can take a long time for the plant to flower and even longer to grow from seeds. Leaf cuttings, division, and rhizome cuttings are quicker and easier methods of propagation.

11. Common Pests and Diseases

Sansevieria Francisii is generally a hardy plant, but it can still be susceptible to certain pests and diseases. The most common pests include scales and thrips.

Scale infestations can be treated by physically removing the scales and using insecticidal soap, horticultural oil, or neem oil. Thrips can be controlled by using a systemic insecticide.

The plant may also be prone to fungal diseases like Red Leaf Spot and bacterial diseases like Soft Rot. Proper care, including providing adequate light and ensuring proper watering, can help prevent these issues.

12. Troubleshooting Tips

If you encounter any problems with your Sansevieria Francisii, here are a few troubleshooting tips:

  • Shriveled Leaves: This is often a sign of underwatering. Water the plant and ensure the soil is fully saturated. After a day or two, the leaves should return to normal.
  • Soft and Mushy Leaves: Soft and mushy leaves indicate overwatering and potential root rot. Take the plant out of the pot, remove all soil, and cut off any soft and mushy roots. Repot the plant in fresh well-draining soil and place it in a bright spot.
  • Leggy Growth: Leggy growth is a result of low light conditions. Move your plant to a brighter location or provide supplemental grow lights to encourage compact growth.

By following these care guidelines and troubleshooting tips, you can enjoy a healthy and thriving Sansevieria Francisii in your home. Remember to observe and adapt your care routine based on the specific needs of your plant, and don’t hesitate to reach out for expert advice if needed. Happy gardening!

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