Calathea Varieties: Discovering the Beauty of Calathea of 12 Stunning Species

Calatheas, also known as prayer plants, are beloved for their stunning foliage and unique patterns. With so many different Calathea varieties to choose from, it can be hard to pick a favorite.

In this comprehensive guide, we will explore 12 beautiful Calathea species, their unique characteristics, and their scientific names. So, let’s dive into the fascinating world of Calathea varieties!

1. Calathea Ornata

Scientific Name: Goeppertia ornata

Native to Colombia and Venezuela, Calathea ornata, also known as the Pinstripe Plant, is a true showstopper. Its long, dark green leaves adorned with pink stripes and maroon undersides create a striking visual display. The Calathea ornata is a popular choice among plant enthusiasts due to its eye-catching pattern.

2. Calathea Lancifolia

Scientific Name: Goeppertia insignis

Formerly known as Calathea lancifolia, the correct botanical name for this species is Goeppertia insignis, commonly referred to as the Rattlesnake Plant. Native to Brazil, this plant boasts foliage with unique markings that resemble a rattlesnake’s skin. It is known for its forgiving nature, making it a great choice for beginners.

3. Calathea Orbifolia

Scientific Name: Goeppertia orbifolia

Another stunning variety, Calathea orbifolia, also known as the Round-Leaf Calathea, features large, bright green leaves with subtle silvery stripes. This Brazilian native can grow quite large, reaching up to 2 to 2.5 feet in height when mature. Its impressive size and unique foliage make it a popular choice for plant enthusiasts.

4. Calathea Makoyana

Scientific Name: Goeppertia makoyana

Native to Brazil, Calathea makoyana, also called the Peacock Plant, resembles the intricate patterns found on peacock feathers. Its leaves display a beautiful combination of green and creamy white markings, creating a captivating visual effect. This unique Calathea variety is sure to make a statement in any indoor space.

5. Calathea Roseopicta

Scientific Name: Goeppertia roseopicta

Calathea roseopicta, scientifically known as Goeppertia roseopicta, is a species native to western South America and western Brazil. This Calathea variety comes in numerous cultivars, each with its own striking foliage. The leaves showcase vibrant patterns and colors, making Calathea roseopicta a popular choice for those seeking a visually appealing houseplant.

6. Calathea Zebrina

Scientific Name: Goeppertia zebrina

As the name suggests, Calathea zebrina, formerly known as Calathea zebrina, features zebra-like stripes on its foliage. Native to Brazil, this variety is known for its unique pattern and vibrant green color. The Calathea zebrina is a great choice for those looking to add a touch of exotic flair to their indoor plant collection.

7. Calathea Crocata

Scientific Name: Goeppertia crocata

Earning its nickname, the Eternal Flame Plant, Calathea crocata is a Brazilian native known for its brilliant orange flowers. This species, formerly classified as Calathea crocata, adds a splash of color to any space with its vibrant blooms. The Calathea crocata is sure to catch the eye and bring warmth to your indoor garden.

8. Calathea Warscewiczii

Scientific Name: Goeppertia warszewiczii

Native to Central America, Calathea warscewiczii, also known as the Jungle Velvet Plant, is a true beauty. Its large, velvety leaves feature intricate patterns in shades of green, making it a captivating addition to any plant collection. The Calathea warscewiczii thrives in warm and humid environments, mimicking its natural habitat.

9. Calathea Musaica

Scientific Name: Goeppertia kegeljanii

Calathea musaica, scientifically known as Goeppertia kegeljanii, is one of the most stunning foliage plants in the Calathea genus. This Brazilian native, also sometimes referred to as Calathea bella, features intricate and fine patterns on its leaves, resembling a network. The Calathea musaica’s unique foliage makes it a standout choice for plant enthusiasts.

10. Calathea Rufibarba

Scientific Name: Goeppertia rufibarba

Native to Brazil, Calathea rufibarba, commonly known as Velvet Calathea or Furry Feather Plant, stands out with its fuzzy leaves. Unlike other Calathea varieties, the undersides of the leaves and stems of the Calathea rufibarba are covered in a hair-like fuzz. This unique feature adds texture and interest to this beautiful plant.

11. Calathea Marantifolia

Scientific Name: Goeppertia marantifolia

Calathea marantifolia, native to Central America to Ecuador, is a visually stunning Calathea variety. Its large leaves showcase intricate patterns and vibrant colors, making it a true statement piece. The Calathea marantifolia adds a touch of elegance and tropical flair to any indoor space.

12. Calathea Bachemiana

Scientific Name: Goeppertia bachemiana

Calathea bachemiana, native to Brazil, is a lesser-known but equally beautiful Calathea variety. Its leaves feature unique patterns and colors, adding visual interest to any plant collection. The Calathea bachemiana is a hidden gem for those seeking a unique and eye-catching houseplant.


In conclusion, Calatheas, also known as prayer plants, offer a captivating addition to any indoor garden with their exquisite foliage and intricate patterns. Through our exploration of 12 stunning Calathea species in this guide, we have uncovered their distinct characteristics.

Whether you’re drawn to the bold colors of the Calathea roseopicta or the delicate beauty of the Calathea orbifolia, each variety brings a touch of nature’s artistry indoors. By understanding their needs and cultivating a nurturing environment, you can experience the mesmerizing world of Calathea varieties firsthand, adding both beauty and tranquility to your living space.

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